Does your rose garden need a touch of grace? Call Snellville Landscaping Pros to help you do pruning into your landscape.
Roses are a staple to any garden. Whether you prefer wild blooms in an English style garden, or a trimmed rose bushes against a white picket fence, proper care is essential to keeping healthy roses.
Roses are quite difficult to grow. But as long as you feed the roses and prune them correctly, you cannot have much trouble with these pretty plants. Pruning is essential in rose plant case and longevity of the plant in your garden. Generally, you will be pruning roses bushes before the plant breaks dormancy after spring’s final frost.
If you are tending on old roses, prune them after blooming. When pruning, cut the dead wood first. It’s a good idea to visit a public rose garden and find the similar roses you are growing.
When pruning roses in spring, you will simply cut back the wood that was killed in winter. In warm climates, pruning can be severe (cut 3 or 4 canes, 6 to 10 inches high), moderate (cut 5 to 12 canes to 18 to 24 inches), or light pruning (less than 1/3 of the plant is thinned out).
Severe pruning produces fewer but larger blooms. Moderate pruning makes for a larger bush. Light pruning increases the number of short-stemmed flowers that will be produced.
Pruning Tools for Rose Bushes
A pair of high-quality pruning shears with curved blades is a must investment. Buy the best pruning shears that you can afford. There are those with swivel handles which are easier on your wrists. There are also smaller versions available for pruning miniature roses.
Another tool to invest is a pruning saw to remove large woody canes. This will give you a clean cut without damage to the bud union. A pair of lopping shears is your third tool. Loppers are pruners with long (12- to 18-inch) handles. They will provide you with leverage for the thicker canes.
Finally, purchase a good strong pair of leather gauntlet gloves or hand gloves that are puncture proof.
Why Prune Roses?
Some gardeners don’t like pruning. However, learning how to do this isn’t a difficult task. Pruning becomes less daunting when you understand the reasons for making the cuts
Health: The damaged canes of any rose should be cut back to green wood in late winter or early spring before the plant resumes growth. When you notice them, remove it immediately. Improve air circulation by removing canes that grow into the center of the plant.
Appearance: Heirloom roses require less pruning because their lax, twiggy look is part of their charm. Bushy Modern roses need help to maintain their compact, open form. By fall, miniature roses have grown tall and leggy. Deadheading, or cutting off spent flowers, encourages plants to rebloom.
Control: Some roses grow with wild abandon. Trimming rose bushes removes dead stems and canes and reduces the plant’s overall size. Keep them within bounds by pruning their tips or entire canes anytime. Colder evenings produce mottled, ill-formed, blossoms and yellowing foliage that often starts to fall off. Rose hips, which can interrupt the next blooming cycle, may result if spent blossoms are not removed.
How to Prune Roses
1. Make your pruning cuts at a 45-degree angle, about 1/4 inch above a leaf axle with a dormant eye.
2. Choose an eye on the outside of the cane and slope the cut down and away on the opposite side. Cut the rose bush to an outward-facing bud to promotes outward growth, creates more pleasing shapes, opens up the plant to air circulation, resists disease, and prevents the canes from becoming a tangle. Cuts closer to the eye than 1/4 inch may damage it. Cuts higher than that will leave a visible stubble—a haven for both pests and disease.
3. The location for your cut is easy to spot if the rose bush has foliage present. Where there is no foliage to guide you, find the dormant eye by locating where the foliage was once connected. The eye is normally visible as a slight swelling above the surface of the cane.
4. Use this same pruning technique when cutting stems for display and when removing spent blooms. For rose bush care, remember to sharpen your pruning tools periodically—either do it yourself or have someone do it who is specially trained.
5. Wipe metal surfaces after each use with a soft, lightly oiled rag to prevent rust. Store tools in a dry area.